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Irish and Scots units in French service. Jacobites were routed and driven from the field. Between 1,500 and 2,000 Jacobites were killed or wounded in the brief battle. In contrast, only about 300 government soldiers were killed or wounded. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Bonnie Prince Charlie” or the “Young Pretender”, arrived in Scotland in 1745 to incite a rebellion of Stuart sympathizers against the House of Hanover. After a lengthy wait, Charles persuaded his generals that English Jacobites would stage an uprising in support of his cause.
He was convinced that France would launch an invasion of England as well. His army of around 5,000 invaded England on 8 November 1745. King is on record as stating that he would lead the troops against the rebels himself if they approached London. British monarch to lead troops into battle.
The Jacobites met only token resistance. There was, however, little support from English Jacobites, and the French invasion fleet was still being assembled. In addition to the militia, London was defended by nearly 6,000 infantry, 700 horse and 33 artillery pieces and the Jacobites received false reports of a third army closing on them. Council of War insisted on returning to join their growing force in Scotland. On 6 December 1745, they withdrew, with Charles Edward Stuart leaving command to Murray. There they reprovisioned, having threatened to sack the city, and were joined by a few thousand additional men.
The Duke of Cumberland arrived in Edinburgh on 30 January to take over command of the government army from General Hawley. He then marched north along the coast, with the army being supplied by sea. The King’s forces continued to pressure Charles. Charles then took command again, and insisted on fighting a defensive action. Hugh Rose of Kilravock entertained Charles and the Duke of Cumberland respectively on 14 and 15 April 1746, before the Battle of Culloden. Charles’ manners and deportment were described by his host as most engaging. Having walked out with Rose, before sitting down he watched trees being planted.